Identification and partial characterization of a novel 105-kDalton lower lamina lucida autoantigen associated with a novel immune-mediated subepidermal blistering disease

L S Chan, J D Fine, R A Briggaman, D T Woodley, C Hammerberg, R J Drugge, K D Cooper
Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1993, 101 (3): 262-7
Certain skin basement membrane components, such as bullous pemphigoid antigens and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antigen, were discovered as a result of an autoimmune reaction. In this report, we describe a unique lamina lucida determinant associated with a novel immune-mediated subepidermal bullous dermatosis. This unique bullous dermatosis resembled severe toxic epidermal necrolysis clinically. The histologic findings resemble dermatitis herpetiformis. Direct immunofluorescence microscopy detected linear immunoglobulin G (IgG) and C3 deposition at the cutaneous basement membrane zone of lesional and perilesional skin. Direct and indirect immunoelectron microscopy localized the IgG deposits to the lowest portion of the lamina lucida. The patient's autoantibodies, belonging to the IgG1 subclass, labeled basement membrane zone of normal intact human skin, oral mucosa, and conjunctiva, and localized to the dermal side of salt-split normal adult and neonatal human skin, but failed to react with human fetal skin up to 142 gestational days. The patient's autoantibodies failed to react with bullous pemphigoid antigens or epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antigen (type VII collagen) by immunoblotting. Instead, the patient's autoantibodies unequivocally labeled a 105-kilodalton (kD) protein in cellular extracts and conditioned media of human cultured keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts. The titer of the patient's antibody against the cutaneous basement membrane zone and the intensity of the antibody reactivity against the 105-kD protein paralleled the patient's disease activity. Thus, this 105-kD lower lamina lucida protein represents a novel autoantigen and this patient's disease represents a novel autoantigen and this patient's disease represents a deep lamina lucida pemphigoid, distinguishable from all other known autoimmune bullous dermatoses.

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