Axial length changes after retinal detachment surgery

T C Burton, B E Herron, K C Ossoinig
American Journal of Ophthalmology 1977, 83 (1): 59-62
A-scan echography was an accurate method for detecting changes in the depth of the anterior chamber, lens thickness, and length of the vitreous cavity after retinal detachment surgery in 30 eyes. Approximately 60% of the eyes had significant alterations in axial lengths exceeding+/-0.36 mm in aphakic eyes and +/-0.54 mm in phakic eyes. However, the operation of scleral bucklingg with large segments of hard silicone rubber implants or explants supported by an encircling band failed to result in a significant predictable shift of axial change in phakic or aphakic eyes. A-scan echography showed significant shallowing of the anterior chamber, and scleral buckling significantly increases lens thickness for at least six weeks. This induced a minor myopic refractive change that may explain some of the difference in postoperative refracitons between phakic and aphakic eyes.

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