Characterization of a negative retinoic acid response element in the murine Oct4 promoter

J Schoorlemmer, A van Puijenbroek, M van Den Eijnden, L Jonk, C Pals, W Kruijer
Molecular and Cellular Biology 1994, 14 (2): 1122-36
Expression of Oct4 in embryonic stem cells is controlled by a distal upstream stem cell-specific enhancer that is deactivated during retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation by an indirect mechanism not involving binding of RA receptors (H. Okazawa, K. Okamoto, F. Ishino, T. Ishino-Kaneko, S. Takeda, Y. Toyoda, M. Muramatsu, and H. Hamada, EMBO J. 10:2997-3005, 1991). Here we report that in RA-treated P19 embryonal carcinoma cells the Oct4 promoter is also subject to negative regulation by RA. The minimal Oct4 promoter sequence mediating repression consists of a promoter-proximal sequence containing a GC-rich SP1 consensus-like sequence and several hormone response element half-sites that can be arranged into direct repeats with different spacing. The GC box binds a nuclear factor that is invariably present in undifferentiated and RA-treated differentiated P19 cells. By contrast, the hormone response element-containing sequence binds factors that are induced following RA treatment. Mutational analysis and competition experiments show that the functional entity binding the RA-induced factor is a direct repeat sequence with a spacing of one nucleotide, previously shown to be a binding site for COUP transcription factors (COUP-TFs). Cotransfected orphan receptors COUP-TF1, ARP-1, and EAR-2 were able to repress the activity of Oct4 promoter-driven reporters in P19 EC cells, albeit with different efficiencies. Furthermore, the negative transcriptional effect of COUP-TFs is dominant over the activating effect of the Oct4 embryonic stem cell-specific enhancer. These results show that negative regulation of Oct4 expression during RA-induced differentiation of embryonic stem cells is controlled by two different mechanisms, including deactivation of the embryonic stem cell-specific enhancer and promoter silencing by orphan nuclear hormone receptors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"