Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation service at Egleston: two years' experience

J D Cornish, R H Clark, R R Ricketts, F D Dykes, J A Wright, K Kesser, M S Heard
Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia 1993, 82 (9): 471-6
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a perfusion support procedure that has been used to treat more than 7,000 patients with life threatening cardiac and/or respiratory failure. After 6 months of training and preparation, an ECMO service was opened on January 2, 1991, in Egleston Children's Hospital at Emory University. During the first 2 years, 96 neonatal, 31 pediatric, and 8 cardiac patients have been referred for possible ECMO. Of these 135 patients, 21 had disqualifying conditions. Sixty-four were considered candidates for ECMO but were able to be supported using less invasive therapies; only one of these died. Fifty patients were treated with ECMO of whom 39 survived (78%). Survival rates for neonatal, pediatric, and cardiac cases as separate groups as well as for each diagnostic category within these groups compare favorably with those reported by the international ELSO Registry. Notable in this series is the fact that 26/35 neonatal patients and 7/10 pediatric patients were successfully supported using venovenous (VV) rather than venoarterial (VA) perfusion, with the major indication for venoarterial ECMO being inability to introduce the 14F venovenous catheter into the patient's internal jugular vein. No patient initially managed with VV ECMO required conversion to VA. It is anticipated that avoidance of carotid ligation along with other innovations, such as the impending commercial availability of heparin-coated ECMO circuits, will make ECMO a highly attractive and appropriate therapy for an increasing number of high risk neonatal and pediatric patients in our state and region.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"