Perilunate dislocations and fracture-dislocations: a multicenter study

G Herzberg, J J Comtet, R L Linscheid, P C Amadio, W P Cooney, J Stalder
Journal of Hand Surgery 1993, 18 (5): 768-79
A series of 166 perilunate dislocations and fracture-dislocations from 7 centers was retrospectively studied. The diagnosis was missed initially in 41 cases (25%). A classification system was presented. The perilunate fracture-dislocations were more frequent than the perilunate dislocations at a ratio of two to one. The displacement was dorsal in 161 cases (97%) and palmar in only 5 (3%). The dorsal transscaphoid perilunate fracture-dislocations represented 96% of the dorsal perilunate fracture-dislocations and 61% of the whole series. The clinical and radiologic outcome of 115 perilunate dislocations and fracture-dislocations with at least 1 year and an average of 6 years 3 months of follow-up was studied. Open injury and delay of treatment had an adverse effect on clinical results, whereas anatomical type had less influence. In cases treated early, the clinical results were satisfactory but the incidence of post-traumatic arthritis was high (56%). In the dorsal perilunate dislocation group of pure ligamentous injuries and in the dorsal transscaphoid group, the best radiologic results were observed after open reduction and internal fixation. In the latter group, the fixation of the scaphoid alone was not always sufficient and left occasionally scapholunate dissociation, lunotriquetral dissociation, ulnar translation of the carpus, or other carpal collapse patterns. The initial appraisal of both the osseous and ligamentous pathology was very important.

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