COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Echocardiographic morphometry and geometry of the left ventricular outflow tract in fixed subaortic stenosis

S Kleinert, T Geva
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1993 November 1, 22 (5): 1501-8
8227811

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify, by echocardiography, morphometric abnormalities of the left ventricular outflow tract in children with fixed subaortic stenosis and to determine whether these abnormalities precede the development of subaortic obstruction.

BACKGROUND: Fixed subaortic stenosis typically develops and progresses after the 1st year of life and is therefore often regarded as an acquired lesion. Although it has been speculated that there may be an underlying anatomic substrate, there are no data to support this hypothesis.

METHODS: The size of the aortic annulus, mitral-aortic valve separation, aorto-left ventricular septal angle and degree of aortic override were determined in two groups of children. Group 1 comprised 35 patients with isolated subaortic stenosis noted on initial echocardiogram who were compared with an age- and weight-matched normal control group (Group 1A). Group 2 comprised 23 patients with ventricular septal defect or coarctation of the aorta, or both, who had no subaortic stenosis on initial echocardiogram but who developed it subsequently. This group was compared with an age-, weight- and lesion-matched control group (Group 2A).

RESULTS: Compared with control subjects, patients with isolated subaortic stenosis had a significantly wider mitral-aortic separation ([mean +/- SD] 5.1 +/- 1.3 vs. 3.4 +/- 0.9 mm, p < 0.001), a steeper aortoseptal angle (131 +/- 6 degrees vs. 144 +/- 5 degrees, p < 0.001) and an exaggerated aortic override (p < 0.05). Similar differences were found on initial echocardiogram in Group 2 patients before development of subaortic stenosis: wider mitral-aortic separation (4.2 +/- 1.2 vs. 2.5 +/- 0.7 mm, p < 0.001), a steeper aortoseptal angle (132 +/- 7 degrees vs. 145 +/- 7 degrees, p < 0.001) and an exaggerated aortic override (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: A left ventricular outflow tract malformation characterized by a wider mitral-aortic separation, an exaggerated aortic override and a steeper aortoseptal angle are present in children with ventricular septal defect or coarctation of the aorta, or both, who subsequently develop subaortic stenosis. These morphometric features can be used to identify by echocardiography patients who are at risk for developing fixed subaortic stenosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8227811
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.