S1F binding site is related to but different from the light-responsive GT-1 binding site and differentially represses the spinach rps1 promoter in transgenic tobacco

P Villain, G Clabault, R Mache, D X Zhou
Journal of Biological Chemistry 1994 June 17, 269 (24): 16626-30
Nuclear genes encoding plastid ribosomal proteins are more highly expressed in leaves than in roots. This leaf-specific induction seems to be light-independent. We have previously characterized a spinach nuclear factor S1F binding to a cis-element within the rps1 promoter, which negatively regulates both the rps1 and the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoters in transient expression assays. Here, we show that the S1F binding site is related to but different from the light-responsive Box II of the pea rbcS-3A promoter, which is recognized by the nuclear factor GT-1. Transgenic plant analyses showed that the S1F site tissue-specifically represses the rps1 promoter in roots as well as in etiolated seedlings. We suggest that the GT-1-related S1F binding site is responsible, at least in part, for the transcriptional repression of rps1 in nonphotosynthetic tissues such as roots.

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