COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

[Efficacy and tolerability of simvastatin and omega-3 fatty acid combination in patients with coronary disease, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia]

R Tomei, L Rossi, E Carbonieri, L Franceschini, C Cemin, K Ghebremariam-Tesfau, P Zardini
Cardiologia: Bollettino Della Società Italiana di Cardiologia 1993, 38 (12): 773-8
8200011
Patients with ischemic heart disease are often affected by a mixed hyperlipoproteinemia, where a hypercholesterolemia of various severity is accompanied by slight or moderate hypertriglyceridemia (type IIb dyslipidemia). Current epidemiologic evidence suggests that hypertriglyceridemia has not to be disregarded, particularly in certain subgroups of patients. We evaluated the effect of the association of simvastatin 10 mg/day [an hydroxymethyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor] and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n3-PUFA) in comparison with simvastatin 10 mg/day alone. The subjects undergoing the study were affected by coronary artery disease and showed hypercholesterolemia (LDL-cholesterol > 160 mg/dl) and moderate hypertriglyceridemia (serum triglycerides 200-400 mg/dl) after 2 months of moderate dietary therapy for hyperlipidemia (Step 1 of the National Cholesterol Education Program [NCEP]). Thirty-nine patients were randomized to have 1 of 2 scheduled treatments. At the same time the patients underwent severe dietary therapy for hyperlipidemia (Step 2 of the NCEP). After 3 months of treatment, total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides were significantly lower than basal values in both groups (p < 0.05). Total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides were lower in the group treated with n3-PUFA and simvastatin compared to simvastatin alone. However, only for triglycerides was the difference significant (-39.99% in patients treated with n3-PUFA and simvastatin versus -25.65% in patients treated with simvastatin alone, particularly in the first group of 35.85%; p < 0.05). With regard to HDL-cholesterol, the differences between the basal values and the 2 groups of treatments were non significant. Remarkable side effects were not observed in the 2 groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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