Potential biological effects following high X-ray dose interventional procedures

L K Wagner, P J Eifel, R A Geise
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR 1994, 5 (1): 71-84
Some interventional procedures can result in very high x-ray doses. Potential biological effects of high x-ray doses are reviewed. Deterministic and stochastic effects in skin, bone, parotid glands, and lung are discussed. Threshold doses for the effects and relevant dosimetric principles are addressed. General principles for minimizing the potential for these effects are presented. Knowledge about these effects and the means to minimize radiation dose can assist the physician in the care of patients undergoing lengthy invasive radiologic procedures.

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