COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Chlamydia pneumoniae--a new causative agent of reactive arthritis and undifferentiated oligoarthritis.

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether reactive arthritis (ReA) known to occur after a urogenital infection with Chlamydia trachomatis can also follow an infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae, a recently described species of Chlamydiae that is a common cause of respiratory tract infections.

METHODS: Specific antibodies (microimmunofluorescence test) and lymphocyte proliferation to C trachomatis and C pneumoniae in paired samples of peripheral blood and synovial fluid were investigated in 70 patients with either reactive arthritis (ReA) or undifferentiated oligoarthritis (UOA).

RESULTS: Five patients with acute ReA after an infection with C pneumoniae are reported. Three had a symptomatic preceding upper respiratory tract infection and two had no such symptoms. In all patients a C pneumoniae-specific lymphocyte proliferation in synovial fluid and a high specific antibody titre suggesting an acute infection was found.

CONCLUSION: C pneumoniae needs to be considered a new important cause of reactive arthritis.

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