Epidemiological analysis of outcomes of pregnancy in diabetic mothers: identification of the most characteristic and most frequent congenital anomalies

M L Martínez-Frías
American Journal of Medical Genetics 1994 June 1, 51 (2): 108-13
Using data from the Spanish Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECEMC), consisting of 19,039 consecutive malformed infants of unselected pregnancies, we have analyzed the relationship between nongestational maternal diabetes and different groups of congenital anomalies. The total sample of malformed babies was separated into two groups: children of nongestational diabetic mothers, and those of nondiabetic women. Analysis of the proportion of children identified in each group with different types of anomalies allows us to demonstrate that the most characteristic group of congenital anomalies observed in the children of diabetic women belongs to the caudal dysgenesis complex, while congenital heart defects are the most frequent malformations in these children. On the other hand, these children also present a multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) pattern more frequently than those of nondiabetic women. From this study it is also clear that the proportion of blastogenic malformations is higher in the offspring of diabetic mothers.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"