COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Infrainguinal reconstruction with arm vein, lesser saphenous vein, and remnants of greater saphenous vein: a report of 257 cases.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of infrainguinal reconstructions with arm vein, lesser saphenous vein, and remnants of greater saphenous vein (ectopic vein grafts).

METHODS: The records of 222 patients who underwent 257 bypasses were restrospectively reviewed. Most of the grafts were placed for rest pain or tissue loss (88%) and were secondary reconstructions (70%) to the infrapopliteal level (90%). Single-length vein grafts were constructed in 66% of cases, whereas 34% were composite vein grafts.

RESULTS: Secondary graft patency was 70%, 52%, and 43% at 1, 3, and 5 years. Single-length grafts had significantly better patency rates at all intervals: 78% versus 56% at 1 year (p = 0.001), 60% versus 39% at 3 years (p = 0.004), and 52% versus 29% at 5 years (p = 0.002). The limb salvage rate was 69% at 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Ectopic vein grafts with primarily arm vein are an acceptable alternative for infrainguinal reconstruction in the absence of suitable ipsilateral greater saphenous vein.

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