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Complex urethral reconstruction.

Modern tissue transfer techniques, often incorporating penile or scrotal skin islands based on a dartos fascia pedicle, have revolutionized urethral reconstruction. There are certain situations, however, that require a more creative and complex approach. The majority of these cases involve patients with panurethral stricture disease or those who have undergone multiple previous procedures for urethral stricture disease or hypospadias and their subsequent complications. In this article, the authors discuss the various aspects of these two conditions and outline several techniques for urethral reconstruction in these challenging patients.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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