JOURNAL ARTICLE

Risk factors for peritoneal dialysis-related infections

L L Oxton, S W Zimmerman, E B Roecker, M Wakeen
Peritoneal Dialysis International 1994, 14 (2): 137-44
8043666

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with peritoneal dialysis-related infections at one center.

DESIGN: The study was a retrospective study of a 3-year time period with relatively stable treatment patterns.

SETTING: A single center experienced academic peritoneal dialysis program.

PATIENTS: Patients (N = 163) receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) from January 1989 to December 1991 who had received treatment at home for at least one month.

INTERVENTIONS: None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Catheter-related infection and peritonitis were the main outcome measures. Variables affecting infection rates that were assessed included age, time on PD, prior end-stage renal disease (ESRD) therapy, diabetic status, catheter type, exchange device, nasal carriage of S. aureus, and prophylactic rifampin therapy. Data were analyzed with univariate as well as with a fixed-effects and a mixed-effects gamma-Poisson multiple regression model.

RESULTS: Variables associated with an increased risk of new peritonitis included age under 20 years (p < 0.009; rate ratio 4.54) and nasal carriage of S. aureus (p < 0.04; rate ratio 1.75). Decreased new peritonitis risk was associated with the ULTRA Set exchange system (p < 0.008; risk ratio 0.38) and intermittent prophylactic rifampin therapy (p < 0.001; rate ratio 0.99 for each 1% time on therapy). Catheter-related infections were increased in patients who had double-cuff catheters (p < 0.003) and nasal carriage of S. aureus (p < 0.04; rate ratio 1.82). Decreased catheter-related infections were noted in older patients (p < 0.02; rate ratio 0.983/year) and increasing months of study follow-up (p < 0.03; rate ratio 0.97/month).

CONCLUSION: In our program nasal carriage of S. aureus increased the risk of peritonitis and catheter-related infection. Prophylactic rifampin significantly decreased peritonitis, as did use of the ULTRA Set. Single-cuff opaque catheters had the lowest catheter infection rate. Analysis of the relationships between clinical and demographic variables and peritoneal dialysis-related infection rate can identify significant contributing or protective variables and allow peritoneal dialysis programs to develop preventive strategies to minimize the risk of infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8043666
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"