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Fundoplication in 160 children under 2 years of age.

The natural history of fundoplication in young children with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) had not been analyzed previously. The authors reviewed the charts of 160 children who underwent gastric fundoplication (GF) before the age of 2 years (mean age [+/- SD], 9 +/- 7 months; range, 1 week to 2 years), from 1974 to 1992. Reflux was documented by upper gastrointestinal series in 124 patients, by 24-hour pH probe monitor in 98 patients, and by both in 68 patients. Clinical indications for GF included failure to thrive (FTT) in 68%, emesis (Ems) in 58%, and aspiration pneumonia (Asp) in 53%. Neurological impairment (NI) was present in 47% of all patients, and 13% had esophageal atresia (EA). The type of GF used was a Nissen fundoplication in 79% and an anterior fundoplication (AF) in 21%. Of the 160 patients, 24 (15%) died of unrelated causes. Of the remaining 136, follow-up of at least 2 years was obtained for 96 (mean follow-up period, 5.3 +/- 3.0 years; range, 2 to 15 years). Clinical resolution of symptoms/findings after GF occurred in 87% of children with FTT, 92% with Ems, 70% with Asp, and 71% overall. A second fundoplication was required for 15 children (16%) because of documented recurrent reflux. The type of GF, the age of the patient, and the presence of EA or NI did not significantly affect the success of GF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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