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Cerebral infarction within six hours of onset: prediction of completed infarction with technetium-99m-HMPAO SPECT

E Shimosegawa, J Hatazawa, A Inugami, H Fujita, T Ogawa, Y Aizawa, I Kanno, T Okudera, K Uemura
Journal of Nuclear Medicine 1994, 35 (7): 1097-103

UNLABELLED: Technetium-99m-HMPAO can be used to evaluate abnormal brain perfusion in the hyperacute stage of stroke.

METHODS: We investigated cerebral blood flow using 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT in 31 patients within 6 hr after the onset of cerebral infarction and analyzed the relationship between abnormal perfusion and morphological changes on follow-up CT scans. Patients were classified into an infarct group and a noninfarct group, and the lesions on SPECT images were divided into infarct and peri-infarct regions.

RESULTS: Among a total of 30 infarct regions, three lesions studied at 1.5, 2.5 and 5 hr after the ictus showed local hyperperfusion suggestive of early postischemic hyperemia, while the other 27 lesions demonstrated local hypoperfusion. All of the peri-infarct regions showed moderate hypoperfusion. The noninfarct group consisted of five patients, four of whom showed no perfusion abnormalities. The lesion-to-contralateral radioactivity ratios for the infarct and peri-infarct regions were respectively 0.48 +/- 0.14 and 0.75 +/- 0.10 in the patients with hypoperfusion, while the right-to-left ratio in the noninfarct group was 0.97 +/- 0.10.

CONCLUSION: This SPECT study of cerebral blood flow demonstrates that local hyperperfusion occurs in some infarcts even within 6 hr of onset and that infarcted and morphological viable brain can be distinguished by a lesion-to-contralateral radioactivity ratio of 0.6 within this time range.


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