Living-related donor lobectomy for bilateral lobar transplantation in patients with cystic fibrosis

R G Cohen, M L Barr, F A Schenkel, T R DeMeester, W J Wells, V A Starnes
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 1994, 57 (6): 1423-7; discussion 1428
Donor lobectomy has been performed in 14 patients enabling 7 recipients with cystic fibrosis to undergo bilateral living-related lobar pulmonary transplantation. Donors included 11 patients, 2 brothers, and 1 uncle. Donor mean age was 43 years (range 24 to 55 years). Their mean height and weight was 170 cm (range, 169 to 180 cm) and 72.4 kg (range, 55 to 90 kg), respectively, compared with 161 cm (range, 140 to 175 cm) and 42.4 kg (range, 27 to 55 kg), respectively, in the recipient group. Donor pulmonary evaluation consisted of a history and physical examination, chest roentgenogram and computed tomographic scan, spirometry with arterial blood gas measurement, echocardiography, and perfusion scanning. From each pair of donors, one was selected for right lower lobectomy and the other for left lower lobectomy. Standard lobectomy techniques were modified to facilitate implantation and optimize preservation of the donor lobes. On the right side, the middle lobe was removed and discarded in the first three donors to provide an adequate cuff of pulmonary artery and bronchus for implantation. With increased experience, this has proved not to be necessary. There have been no deaths and no long-term complications in the donor group. Prolonged postoperative air leaks occurred in the 3 patients who underwent right lower and middle lobectomies. All donors have been able to resume their previous lifestyles. Living-related donor lobectomy provides an alternative to cadaveric organs in select patients in need of pulmonary transplantation.

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