Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist versus human chorionic gonadotropin as a trigger of ovulation in polycystic ovarian disease gonadotropin hyperstimulated cycles

A Lanzone, A M Fulghesu, P Villa, C Guida, M Guido, M C Nicoletti, A Caruso, S Mancuso
Fertility and Sterility 1994, 62 (1): 35-41

OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) versus hCG in triggering the follicular rupture in patients with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) in whom ovulation was induced by gonadotropins.

DESIGN: Polycystic ovarian disease gonadotropin hyperstimulated cycles outcome was investigated in a prospective study.

PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-three PCOD patients (40 cycles) with gonadotropin-induced mild to moderate degree of ovarian hyperstimulation received 5,000 IU IM hCG or 200 microg [corrected] SC GnRH-a. A subgroup of GnRH-a-treated patients received P for luteal support. Five GnRH-a-treated patients underwent a GnRH test during luteal phase.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Echographic and endocrine characteristics both during the therapy and the luteal phase.

RESULTS: There was a similar percentage of ovulation and pregnancy rate in both groups of patients. The ovarian enlargement during the luteal phase in the GnRH-a-treated patients was lower than in the hCG group. Progesterone plasma levels (at midluteal phase) and the length of luteal phase was significantly lower in GnRH-a-treated patients with respect to the hCG-treated group. These differences disappeared in patients receiving luteal support. After GnRH injection, LH secretion decreased in GnRH-a-treated patients with respect to controls; however, corpus luteum was able to respond with a normal increase of P production.

CONCLUSION: The GnRH-a appears to be an effective alternative to hCG for inducing the follicular rupture in stimulated cycles in women who are at risk for developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. However, GnRH-a administration can induce short luteal phase. This defect may be ascribed to the pituitary desensitization rather than to a direct effect on corpus luteum. Luteal phase support is needed to prevent luteal phase deficiency.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"