COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Different priming techniques, including mivacurium, accelerate the onset of rocuronium

M Naguib
Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1994, 41 (10): 902-7
8001208
Different priming sequences of equipotent doses of rocuronium and mivacurium on the onset of maximum neuromuscular block and intubating conditions were compared with those obtained after succinylcholine. During thiopentone-fentanylnitrous oxide anaesthesia, 70 patients were randomly assigned into seven groups. Group I received mivacurium 0.15 mg.kg-1 as a single bolus dose. Group II received a priming dose of mivacurium 0.015 mg.kg-1 followed three minutes later by mivacurium 0.135 mg.kg-1. Group III received rocuronium 0.6 mg.kg-1 as a single bolus dose, and Group IV received an initial dose of rocuronium 0.06 mg.kg-1 followed by rocuronium 0.54 mg.kg-1. Group V received a priming dose of mivacurium 0.015 mg.kg-1 followed by rocuronium 0.54 mg.kg-1. Group VI received an initial dose of rocuronium 0.06 mg.kg-1 followed by mivacurium 0.135 mg.kg-1. Group VII received succinylcholine 1.0 mg.kg-1. Groups I, III, and VII received a placebo injection before the administration of the neuromuscular blocking drug. Additional thiopentone 2 mg.kg-1 iv was given 30 sec before intubation. Onset times (mean (95% confidence interval)) after priming a rocuronium block with either rocuronium (73 (57-90) sec) or mivacurium (58 (47-69) sec) were similar to those after succinylcholine (54 (40-68) sec), and were shorter (P < 0.01) than that observed in other groups. Intubating conditions were not different between the groups. The duration of neuromuscular block was shortest with succinylcholine. It is concluded that priming a rocuronium block with either mivacurium or rocuronium resulted in a neuromuscular block comparable to that of succinylcholine in both the onset of action and intubating conditions.

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