Complications after laparoscopic and conventional cholecystectomy: a comparative study

I B Brune, K Schönleben, S Omran
HPB Surgery: a World Journal of Hepatic, Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery 1994, 8 (1): 19-25
The growing popularity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has made extensive series comparing laparoscopic and conventional cholecystectomy in a prospective, randomized way nearly impossible. To evaluate LC we compared retrospectively 800 laparoscopic with 748 conventional cholecystectomies (CC). Of the 800 LC, 10 (1.2%) were converted to laparotomy. 6 conversions were related to aberrant anatomical features or features making dissection very difficult, 4 conversions were due to complications. There were 5 (0.6%) intraoperative complications during LC and 4 (0.5%) during CC. Postoperative morbidity was 2.1% (n = 17) after LC and 3.7% (n = 28) after CC. Particularly the incidence of wound problems was only 0.5% (n = 4) after LC while it was 1.3% (n = 10) after CC. Overall morbidity was 2.7% (n = 22) for LC and 4.2% (n = 32) for CC. Mortality rate after CC was 0.4% (n = 3), there were no deaths after LC. Common bile duct-injury rate was 0.2% (n = 2) for both groups. Complication rates after LC have been rapidly decreasing with growing experience. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can safely be performed by appropriately trained surgeons in more than 90% of patients suffering from gallbladder disease. The low morbidity and mortality together with the significant advantages to patient recovery makes laparoscopic cholecystectomy the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis.

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