Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.


Incus interposition and ossiculoplasty with hydroxyapatite prostheses

R E Wehrs
Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 1994, 27 (4): 677-88
This article traces the evolution of transplant material in ossicular reconstruction of the middle ear. The first transplant consisted of the body and short process of the homograft incus. It was repositioned or wedged between the stapes head and the manubrium of the malleus. Further modification consisted of the sculpture of prostheses from homograft incudes; these were known as the notched incus with short or long process. By means of a notch in the short process, they were locked in place. The final phase is the use of hydroxyapatite as a biocompatible material from which similar prostheses may be precisely manufactured. These hydroxyapatite prostheses, known as the incus and incus-stapes replacement prosthesis, appear to be well tolerated and to produce excellent hearing results.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.