Autonomic neuropathy is an important and common complication of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Manifestations be present in cardiovascular, sudomotor, gastrointestinal and other systems involving both sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers. Some apparently selective acute autonomic neuropathies may be subvarieties of GBS. Experimental work in animal models, pathological studies of GBS patients, and autonomic function studies have provided some help in the understanding of this complication. In managing GBS patients with autonomic dysfunction there are important practical considerations that can improve their care. In this article we review the literature on autonomic neuropathy in GBS and propose a management scheme to accommodate it in the overall treatment of the neuropathy.
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