COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Internal fixation of the unstable anterior pelvic ring: a biomechanical comparison of standard plating techniques and the retrograde medullary superior pubic ramus screw

P T Simonian, M L Routt, R M Harrington, A F Tencer
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 1994, 8 (6): 476-82
7869161
The purpose of this study was to evaluate pubic ramus fracture fixation. This biomechanical evaluation compared standard plating techniques with retrograde medullary screw fixation of a superior pubic ramus fracture in a pelvic fracture model. Six fresh-frozen, cadaveric pelvic specimens with a mean age of 79 years were harvested. These specimens were physiologically loaded according to the following modifications and instrumentations: (a) intact; (b) an APC-II unstable pelvic injury, specifically, unilateral superior and inferior rami osteotomies combined with ipsilateral anterior sacroiliac (SI) joint, sacrospinous, and sacrotuberous ligamentous disruptions, without fixation; (c) disrupted as in (b) but fixed anteriorly with a 10-hole 3.5-mm reconstruction plate contoured to the superior ramus and secured with four 3.5-mm cortical screws; (d) disrupted as in (b) but fixed anteriorly with a 10-hole 3.5-mm reconstruction plate contoured to the superior ramus and secured with six 3.5-mm cortical screws; (e) disrupted as in (b) but fixed anteriorly with a 4.5-mm retrograde medullary superior pubic ramus cortical screw 80 mm long (medial to the hip joint); and (f) disrupted as in (b) but fixed anteriorly with a 4.5-mm retrograde medullary superior pubic ramus cortical screw 130 mm long that was extraarticular and engaged the lateral iliac cortex cephalad to the ipsilateral hip joint. The posterior disruptions of the pelvic ring were not fixed. The APC-II injury created in this study resulted in significant (p < 0.05) motion at the disrupted rami and the injured SI joint, compared with the intact pelvic specimen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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