Which bicarbonate concentration is adequate to lactate-buffered substitution fluids in maintenance hemofiltration?

R Böhm, U Gladziwa, W Clasen, J Riehl, H Mann, H G Sieberth
Clinical Nephrology 1994, 42 (4): 257-62
We investigated the metabolic and hemodynamic effects of a lactate- and a bicarbonate-buffered (bicarbonate concentration 31.4 mmol/l, type I) hemofiltration substitution fluid in a prospective crossover study of 3 weeks each in 11 patients on maintenance hemofiltration. The lactate-buffered hemofiltration (lactate concentration 34-44.5 mmol/l) lead to hyperlactatemia in all patients without signs of overt lactic acidosis but showed a better control of acid-base balance (pH, base excess, standard bicarbonate) than the type I bicarbonate-buffered fluid (p < 0.01). In 6 patients a higher concentration of bicarbonate- (39.7 mmol/l, type II) buffered fluid was tested. The parameters of acid-base balance showed a better control during type II than during type I bicarbonate hemofiltration and were similar to the lactate-buffered phase. Plasma lactate levels between type I and type II bicarbonate hemofiltration were not different. Also in the steady state phase of the treatment (days 7-9 [week 3]) parameters of acid-base balance rose more to normal values during type II than during lactate-buffered hemofiltration. Hemodynamic parameters showed no differences between the three types of buffers used. Furthermore, also the type II bicarbonate fluid was well tolerated. Bicarbonate in a higher concentration (39.7 mmol/l) proved to be a safe and practical alternative to lactate-buffered hemofiltration.

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