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Biofeedback treatment of children and adults with idiopathic detrusor instability.

In adults and children suffering from urge, urge incontinence, frequent voidings, and nocturia, urodynamic examination often confirms the diagnosis of detrusor instability. We assessed the outcome of biofeedback therapy in 15 children aged 6-12 years and 7 adults aged 20-52 years, all with cystometrically proven detrusor instability. The detrusor pressure was visually conveyed to the patient during repeated bladder fillings. The patient was instructed to interrupt detrusor pressure increments by tensing the pelvic floor musculature. None of the children were found completely cured; however, 9 showed a marked decrease in either the number of the extent of symptoms. Two children showed moderate improvement, while 4 remained unaffected by the treatment. One adult was completely cured, 2 improved moderately, and 4 showed no improvement. None of these patients were converted to stable cystometry. Upon termination of the BF treatment a follow-up study was conducted for patients exhibiting pronounced or moderate improvement. The beneficial effect was maintained except in one case.

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