JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lymphoproliferative responses to Borrelia burgdorferi in patients with erythema migrans, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, lymphadenosis benigna cutis, and morphea

S A Buechner, S Lautenschlager, P Itin, A Bircher, P Erb
Archives of Dermatology 1995, 131 (6): 673-7
7778918

BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: Specific humoral and cell-mediated immune responses play an important role in the pathogenesis of Lyme borreliosis. Several previous studies demonstrated that a specific cellular immune response to Borrelia burgdorferi can occur independently of a diagnostic humoral response. Little is known about T-cell reactivities against B burgdorferi in early and late cutaneous manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. We studied the lymphoproliferative response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to B burgdorferi antigen from 99 patients (25 with erythema migrans, 16 with acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, 13 with lymphadenosis benigna cutis, and 45 with localized scleroderma) and 21 control subjects. The results are expressed as a stimulation index (SI) (mean count per minute of triplicate cultures with stimulant divided by mean count per minute without stimulant). The serum samples from all patients and control subjects were tested for antibodies to B burgdorferi by indirect immunofluorescence assay.

RESULTS: The 21 healthy seronegative controls had an SI of 3.3 +/- 2.0 (mean +/- SD). Compared with that of control subjects, the SIs were significantly elevated in patients with erythema migrans (9.8 +/- 9.1), acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (11.8 +/- 8.2), and lymphadenosis benigna cutis (7.2 +/- 6.2). The 45 patients with localized scleroderma had elevated proliferative responses, with an SI of 6.5 +/- 7.3, but these responses did not significantly differ from those of controls. Elevated titers of antibodies to B burgdorferi were present in six (24%) of 25 patients with erythema migrans, five (38%) of 13 patients with lymphadenosis benigna cutis, and 13 (29%) of 45 patients with localized scleroderma. All 16 patients with acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans had markedly elevated antibody titers.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that a significant lymphoproliferative response to B burgdorferi occurs in the majority of patients with cutaneous manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. The lymphocyte proliferation assay may be of diagnostic value in patients in whom Lyme borreliosis is strongly clinically suspected and who have nondiagnostic levels of antibodies against B burgdorferi.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
7778918
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"