JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Outcome at 1-year adjusted age of 957 infants weighing more than 1250 grams with respiratory distress syndrome randomized to receive synthetic surfactant or air placebo. American and Canadian Exosurf Neonatal Study Groups

R Sauve, W Long, M Vincer, H Bard, D Derleth, D Stevenson, T Pauly, C Robertson
Journal of Pediatrics 1995, 126 (5): S75-80
7745515
This study determined outcomes at 12-months adjusted age of 957 infants weighing more than 1250 gm at birth who were subjects in a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of synthetic surfactant or air placebo administered in a rescue trial at 23 hospitals in the United States and 13 hospitals in Canada. Follow-up results were available for 475 of 563 surviving infants who received air placebo (84%) and 482 of 571 infants who received synthetic surfactant (84%). Developmental outcome was equivalent in the two groups. Morbidity was less in the synthetic surfactant group as assessed by the need for medication for chronic lung disease (52 of 475 (11%) for the air placebo group vs 32 of 482 (7%) for the synthetic surfactant group) or respiratory support (10 of 475 (2%) for the air placebo group vs 1 of 482 (< 1%) for the synthetic surfactant group) at 1-year adjusted age. Bayley Scales of Infant Development (mental development Index: 102 for both the air placebo and synthetic surfactant groups; psychomotor development index: 95 for the air placebo group vs 94 for the synthetic surfactant group) and impairment rates (94 of 475 (20%) for the air placebo group vs 86 of 482 (18%) for the synthetic surfactant group) were similar in the two groups. Infants weighing more than 1250 gm who have respiratory distress syndrome have previously been shown to have improved survival rates and lower neonatal morbidity after treatment with synthetic surfactant. These follow-up data confirm that developmental outcome as determined at 12-months adjusted age is at least as good in those receiving synthetic surfactant.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
7745515
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"