Accessory nerve neurotization in infants with brachial plexus birth palsy

H Kawabata, H Kawai, T Masatomi, N Yasui
Microsurgery 1994, 15 (11): 768-72
We report the surgical results of 13 accessory nerve neurotizations in branchial plexus birth palsy. The mean age at operation was 5.9 months. The accessory nerve was transferred to three C5 roots, to three C6 roots, to four posterior division of the middle trunks, to one musculocutaneous nerve, and to two suprascapular nerves. Sixty-seven percent of the cases acquired M4 or more in the deltoid muscle, 88% in the infraspinatus muscle, and 100% in the biceps brachii muscle. Twenty-five percent of the cases acquired M4 or more in the triceps brachii muscle and the wrist extensor muscles. These results were much better than formerly reported for adult cases by other authors. No functional compromise of the trapezius muscle was noted. The accessory nerve neutrotization can be used safely and effectively in neurosurgical reconstruction of the brachial plexus palsy in infants.

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