Isolation of the newly described species Mycobacterium celatum from AIDS patients

E Tortoli, C Piersimoni, D Bacosi, A Bartoloni, F Betti, L Bono, C Burrini, G De Sio, C Lacchini, A Mantella
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1995, 33 (1): 137-40
Mycobacterium celatum is a recently described species which, on the basis of conventional tests, may be misidentified as Mycobacterium xenopi or as belonging to the Mycobacterium avium complex. Only genomic sequencing or high-performance liquid chromatography of cell wall mycolic acids can presently allow a correct identification of this mycobacterium. Two cases of infection due to M. celatum, in AIDS patients, are described here. The quantitative susceptibility pattern of the isolates to a wide spectrum of drugs is also reported.

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