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Caudal fin regeneration in wild type and long-fin mutant zebrafish is affected by retinoic acid

J GĂ©raudie, M J Monnot, A Brulfert, P Ferretti
International Journal of Developmental Biology 1995, 39 (2): 373-81
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) represents an ideal experimental model to tackle fundamental issues concerned with organogenesis during development and regeneration of complex body structures. We discuss here the development of the skeleton in zebrafish caudal fins, their regenerative ability in wild type and long-fin mutant adult fish, and how retinoic acid (RA), which induces duplications along the proximodistal axis in regenerating limbs, affects regeneration of the caudal fin. The dorsal and ventral lobes of zebrafish caudal fins are apparently symmetrical along the dorsoventral axis, but all of the skeletal elements and most of the soft tissues of both lobes originate from the ventral part of the embryo, as demonstrated by whole-mount staining of developing fish. Analysis of caudal fin regenerates in wild type adults does not reveal any difference in the regenerative ability of the two lobes, and in the length of the regenerate in comparison with the amputated part. In contrast, in the long-fin mutant the regenerated caudal fin is always somehow defective in that the original asymmetry in the length of the two lobes observed in this mutant is not reproduced in the regenerate. Furthermore, in the majority of the batches studied the regenerate is much smaller in size than the amputated part. This suggests that this mutant may be valuable to further our understanding of the mechanisms underlying growth control and patterning during regeneration. Finally, we show that the regenerating caudal fin is sensitive to RA-treatment, and clear teratogenic effects on the dorso-ventral axis are observed under many of the experimental conditions investigated both in wild type and long-fin mutants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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