JOURNAL ARTICLE

The impact of amniotic fluid volume assessed intrapartum on perinatal outcome

C Baron, M A Morgan, T J Garite
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1995, 173 (1): 167-74
7631675

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the value of routine intrapartum amniotic fluid volume assessment on perinatal outcome.

STUDY DESIGN: Patients admitted for labor and delivery who were ultimately delivered between January 1988 and June 1989 with a gestational age > or = 26 weeks and who had an intrapartum amniotic fluid index composed the study group. The amniotic fluid index was determined by the four-quadrant technique on admission to labor and delivery. Oligohydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index < or = 5 cm (n = 170), borderline oligohydramnios as an amniotic fluid index 5.1 to 8.0 cm (n = 261), and normal amniotic fluid volume as an amniotic fluid index 8.1 to 20 cm (n = 336). Nine patients with an amniotic fluid index > 20 cm were excluded from data analysis. The oligohydramnios and borderline oligohydramnios groups were compared with the normal group with regard to antenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum variables.

RESULTS: The groups had similar maternal age, parity, gestational age at delivery, and antenatal complications. Meconium-stained amniotic fluid occurred significantly less often in the oligohydramnios group compared with the normal group (relative risk 0.67, 95% confidence interval 0.49 to 0.92). However, variable decelerations occurred significantly more often in the oligohydramnios group compared with the normal group (relative risk 1.44, 95% confidence interval 1.12 to 1.87), and cesarean delivery for fetal distress also occurred significantly more often (relative risk 6.83, 95% confidence interval 1.55 to 30.4). There was no difference in Apgar scores or neonatal complications between groups. The efficacy of intrapartum-determined oligohydramnios predicting cesarean delivery for fetal distress gave a sensitivity of 78%, a specificity of 74%, a positive predictive value of 33%, and a negative predictive value of 95%.

CONCLUSION: The amniotic fluid index for detecting intrapartum oligohydramnios is a valuable screening test for subsequent fetal distress requiring cesarean delivery.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
7631675
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"