Total hip replacement with solid autologous femoral head graft for hip dysplasia

B Hintermann, E W Morscher
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 1995, 114 (3): 137-44
Acetabuloplasty with solid autologous femoral head graft for the treatment of hip dysplasia is an established method which creates the contained cavity needed to accommodate the artificial cup. In order to evaluate the medium- and long-term results of this method using a cementless hemispheric cup, 34 patients (39 hips) operated on between 1979 and 1986 were clinically and radiologically reviewed. The minimal follow-up was 5 years (average 7.6 years). The Harris hip score increased from 36 points preoperatively to 89 points 1 year postoperatively and to 85.1 at the last follow-up. On roentgenographic evaluation, all grafts had been incorporated and appeared to have tolerated the mechanical loading well. Partial resorption of the graft occurred in 22 of the 39 hips, mainly in the lateral non-loaded zone. Twenty-nine of the 39 acetabular components showed migration, on average 4.2 mm cranially and 1.8 mm medially; 92% occurred during the first 2 years, and thereafter it was not progressive. Smaller cups migrated consistently more than larger cups. A significant correlation was found between cup migration and the degree of bone coverage of the cup, and extensive migration occurred in most cases with cup coverage by the host bone of less than 40%-50% of the weight-bearing surface of the cup. Only one acetabular component was altered significantly, and another appears to have become loose. The use of the normal-sized cups and cementless fixation medially in the primary acetabulum are thought to have contributed to our favorable mid- to long-term results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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