Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
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Prognostic factors and treatment results for supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors in children using radiation and chemotherapy: a Childrens Cancer Group randomized trial.

PURPOSE: To determine clinical characteristics and response to treatment for children with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (S-PNETs).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: After surgery and staging, 55 patients aged 1.5 to 19.3 years with S-PNETs were randomized to receive craniospinal radiotherapy (RT) followed by eight cycles of 1-(2-chloro-ethyl)-3-cyclohexylnitrosourea (CCNU), vincristine (VCR), and prednisone (standard treatment) or two cycles of 8-in-1 chemotherapy followed by RT and then eight additional cycles of 8-in-1.

RESULTS: Three-year Kaplan-Meier estimates (estimate +/- SE) of survival and progression-free survival (PFS) rates for patients with confirmed diagnoses of S-PNET were 57% +/- 8% and 45% +/- 8%, respectively; survival and PFS rates for children with PNETs located in the pineal region were 73% +/- 12% and 61% +/- 13%, respectively, and were significantly different from the other S-PNETs (P < .03). The 8-in-1 arm had greater toxicity than the standard-treatment arm. Distributions of PFS between the two treatment groups were not significantly different (P > .5). Other univariate prognostic factors that influenced PFS included metastasis (M) stage (P < .03: M0 50% +/- 9% v M1-4 0%) and age (P < .02: 1.5 to 2 years 25% +/- 13% v > or = 3 years 53% +/- 9%).

CONCLUSION: In this first randomized treatment trial for S-PNETs in children, no significant differences were detected between the two treatment groups. M0 and pineal site of involvement were independent predictors of a better outcome. However, survival was better than previously reported.

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