RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Anti-basement membrane autoantibodies in patients with anti-epiligrin cicatricial pemphigoid bind the alpha subunit of laminin 5.

Recent studies have identified a group of cicatricial pemphigoid patients who have IgG anti-basement membrane autoantibodies that recognize epiligrin, a set of disulfide-linked polypeptides closely related if not identical to laminin 5 (formerly called kalinin, nicein, or BM600). To further understand the pathophysiology of blister formation in these patients, we have sought to identify the specific polypeptide(s) targeted by their autoantibodies. Comparative studies show that sera from these patients (nine of nine), P1E1 monoclonal anti-epiligrin antibody, and polyclonal as well as monoclonal anti-laminin 5 antibodies immunoprecipitate the same set of disulfide-linked polypeptides from media of biosynthetically radiolabeled human keratinocytes. Moreover, sera from eight of nine patients with anti-epiligrin cicatricial pemphigoid immunoblot the alpha subunit of laminin 5 but show no reactivity to its beta or gamma subunits. In addition, circulating IgG from a representative patient was affinity-purified against the alpha subunit of laminin 5 and shown to bind the dermal side of 1 M NaC1 split skin in the same manner as autoantibodies from all patients with anti-epiligrin cicatricial pemphigoid. Sera from patients with bullous pemphigoid (n = 5), other forms of cicatricial pemphigoid (n = 5), epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (n = 4), or bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 1) show no reactivity against any subunit of this laminin isoform in immunoprecipitation or immunoblot experiments. These findings correlate with prior reports showing that a monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha subunit of laminin 5 (i.e., laminin subunit alpha 3) induces detachment of human keratinocytes from extracellular matrix in vitro as well as epidermis from human skin in situ. Together, these studies suggest that laminin subunit alpha 3 mediates attachment of basal keratinocytes to epidermal basement membrane and that autoantibodies directed against it may be pathogenic.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app