JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Obstructive jaundice in gastric carcinoma: cause, site, and relationship to the primary lesion.

OBJECTIVE: Obstructive jaundice is frequently present in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to assess the cause and preferential site of bile duct obstruction in patients with gastric carcinoma and to evaluate correlativity of biliary obstruction with the nature of the primary gastric lesion.

METHODS: Cholangiographic findings of 54 patients with metastatic gastric carcinoma presenting with obstructive jaundice were reviewed retrospectively. The level of the bile duct obstruction was divided into four segments: segment 1, from an individual intrahepatic duct to the biliary hilum; segment 2, common hepatic duct (CHD) involvement from the biliary hilum to the level of the cystic duct; segment 3, the proximal half of the common bile duct (CBD); segment 4, the distal half of the CBD. To evaluate the characteristics of the primary gastric lesion, operative records and pathologic findings were reviewed.

RESULTS: Obstruction sites were segment 1 in eight patients (15%), segment 2 in 25 (46%), segment 3 in 17 (32%), and segment 4 in four (7%). The causes of obstruction were metastatic lymphadenopathy in the hepatoduodenal ligament (50 of 54) and direct invasion of the primary or recurrent tumor (four of 54). The location of the primary gastric lesions was the antrum, antrum and body, and body in 36 (67%), 17 (31%), and 1 (2%), respectively. Borrmann type 3 lesions were present in 72% of cases, and type 2 lesions in the remaining 24%. Histologic type was undifferentiated adenocarcinoma in 91% of patients, and differentiated adenocarcinoma in the remaining. Serosal invasion was shown in 96% of the patients.

CONCLUSION: Our results show that the cause of bile duct obstruction in advanced gastric carcinoma is predominantly metastatic lymphadenopathy in the hepatoduodenal ligament, and its preferential site is around the level of the cystic duct. Obstructing lesions showed characteristic cholangiographic findings.

Full text links

Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection.JAMA 2023 January 20
Misdiagnosis in the Emergency Department: Time for a System Solution.JAMA 2023 January 28

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app