RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

In situ hybridization analysis of the Y chromosome in gonadoblastoma.

Gonadoblastoma is a rare tumor arising in the streak gonads of about 30% of 46,XY sex-reversed females. Because gonadoblastoma develops only in patients who have Y-chromosome material and dysgenetic gonads, it has been hypothesized that positive expression of a gene (or genes) on the Y chromosome (GBY) is involved in the etiology of the tumor. To examine the Y chromosome directly in tumors, we performed nonisotopic in situ hybridization of a biotin-labeled Y-specific probe for the DYZI locus on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of tumor samples from four different patients. After hybridization to DYZI, the Y chromosome was found to be present in all gonadoblastoma foci in the four patients studied, and the gonadoblastoma foci showed an average of 85% cell nuclei positive for the Y chromosome on tissue sections. Normal male and female control tissues showed an average of 78% and 0% positive nuclei, respectively. One patient with bilateral gonadoblastoma had previously been shown to be mosaic, with a 45,X/46,XY karyotype in lymphocytes, skin fibroblasts, and cultures from both gonads. Examination of sections of this patient's gonads showed 79% positive nuclei within the gonadoblastoma foci, whereas the nontumor stromal tissue had 19% positive nuclei. These results indicate that, in this mosaic gonad, tumor foci developed only from cells that had a Y chromosome. Our results support the hypothesis that there is a GBY locus on the Y chromosome and that the Y chromosome is retained in the gonadoblastoma foci during the development of the tumor.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app