Postoperative medical management in single-stage laryngotracheoplasty

M A Rothschild, D Cotcamp, R T Cotton
Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery 1995, 121 (10): 1175-9

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether it is safe and effective to avoid the use of neuromuscular relaxants in patients who have indwelling nasotracheal tubes after undergoing single-stage laryngotracheoplasty.

DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

SETTING: University-based referral center specializing in the surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis and other pathologic conditions of the airway.

PATIENTS: Referred sample of 104 consecutive patients (67 males, 37 females) undergoing single-stage laryngotracheoplasty for subglottic stenosis.

INTERVENTION: Single-stage laryngotracheoplasty.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of accidental extubation, use of neuromuscular relaxants, incidence of reintubation after planned extubation, duration of intubation, overall rate of successful airway expansion.

RESULTS: One patient self-extubated without sequelae. One patient required a brief course of neuromuscular relaxants. The success rate (without further laryngotracheoplasty) for all patients was 86% (89/104). For the 25 patients operated on in 1992, with at least 1 year of follow-up, the success rate was 92% (23/25).

CONCLUSION: Single-stage laryngotracheoplasty can be done safely and effectively without using paralyzing agents in the postoperative period. This approach has certain advantages, which are discussed.

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