A role for P selectin in complement-independent neutrophil-mediated glomerular injury

P G Tipping, X R Huang, M C Berndt, S R Holdsworth
Kidney International 1994, 46 (1): 79-88
Neutrophil recruitment and lung injury following complement activation have been demonstrated to be dependent on endothelial expression of P selectin. In anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerulonephritis (anti-GBM GN) in mice, acute glomerular injury results from complement-independent neutrophil accumulation. The signals for neutrophil recruitment in this model are unknown. Expression of P selectin on glomerular endothelium was demonstrated within 30 minutes of administration of anti-GBM antibody to C57/BL10 mice. This was associated with rapid accumulation of neutrophils in glomeruli which peaked at one hour (6.2 +/- 0.5 neutrophils per glomerular cross section [neut/gcs], normal 0.34 +/- 0.06 neut/gcs, P < 0.01) and significant proteinuria after 16 hours (3.6 +/- 0.5 mg/16 hr, control 0.62 +/- 0.13 mg/16 hr, P < 0.01). Complement depletion with cobra venom factor, which reduced serum C3 levels to less than 5% of normal, did not alter expression of P selectin, reduce glomerular neutrophil accumulation (6.7 +/- 0.8 neut/gcs) or proteinuria (3.7 +/- 0.5 mg/16 hr). Platelet depletion also failed to alter glomerular expression of P selectin, neutrophil accumulation or the development of proteinuria. Mice were treated with an affinity purified anti-human P selectin antibody, which cross reacted with mouse P selectin and blocked P selectin-dependent binding of thrombin-activated mouse platelets to HL60 cells and did not bind to mouse neutrophils. Treatment, one hour prior to the administration of anti-GBM antibody, markedly inhibited glomerular neutrophil accumulation (0.94 +/- 0.12 neut/gcs) and prevented proteinuria (1.0 +/- 0.2 mg/16 hr), and did not alter binding of anti-GBM globulin in the kidney. These data strongly suggest that the rapid up-regulation of P selectin expression in glomeruli following binding of anti-GBM antibody is an essential signal for neutrophil recruitment in this complement independent model of glomerular injury.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"