OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Interactions of derivatives of guanidinophenylglycine and guanidinophenylalanine with trypsin and related enzymes

H Tsunematsu, S Makisumi
Journal of Biochemistry 1980, 88 (6): 1773-83
7462203
Ethyl N-benzoyl-p- and m-guanidino-DL-phenylglycinates (DL-Bz-p-GPG-OEt and DL-Bz-m-GPG-OEt), and ethyl N-benzoyl-p-guanidino-L- and D-phenylalaninates (L-Bz-p-GPA-OEt and D-Bz-p-GPA-OEt) were synthesized. The ester of the racemic p-guanidinophenylglycine derivative was completely hydrolyzed by trypsin, pronase, alpha-chymotrypsin, and thrombin, though hydrolysis by the latter two enzymes was much slower. Papain hydrolyzed this ester substrate stereospecifically at a moderate rate and left the ester derivative of the D-enantiomer unaltered. Optical resolution of DL-Bz-p-GPG-OEt with papain gave N-benzoyl-p-guanidino-L-phenylglycine (L-Bz-p-GPG-OH) and the ester of the D-enantiomer of this amino acid derivative. On the other hand, DL-Bz-m-GPG-OEt was completely hydrolyzed by pronase and was stereospecifically hydrolyzed by papain, but was unaffected by trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, and thrombin. The trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis of N alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine p-nitroanilide (L-Bz-Arg-pNA) was inhibited competitively by this ester. The specificity constant (kcat/Km) for L-Bz-p-GPG-OEt was about 57 times smaller than that for a specific ester substrate, ethyl N alpha-benzoyl-L-argininate (LO-Bz-Arg-OEt), while the value for the D-enantiomer of the former is about 14 times larger than that for the D-enantiomer of the latter. L-Bz-p-GPA-OEt has a specificity constant comparable to that for L-Bz-Arg-OEt. The value for the former is about 51 times larger than that for L-Bz-p-GPG-OEt. This suggests that the existence of the beta-methylene group in L-Bz-p-GPA-OEt is important in relation to the higher susceptibility of the ester to trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis. In contrast with the L-enantiomer, D-Bz-p-GPA-OEt was found to be as competitive inhibitor for the hydrolysis of L-Bz-Arg-pNA. A significant difference was found between the stereospecificities of hydrolysis of the ester substrates of the two amino acid derivatives by trypsin.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
7462203
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"