Evaluation of a commercial microdilution system for quantitative susceptibility testing of aminoglycosides against multidrug-resistant, gram-negative bacilli

L R Peterson, D N Gerding, M M Johnson, J E Cherne, B J Opfer, W H Hall
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1980, 17 (1): 20-3
Susceptibility of clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29 isolates), Klebsiella species (54 isolates), Escherichia coli (28 isolates), Serratia marcescens (28 isolates), and Enterobacter species (29 isolates) to gentamicin, tobramycin, and amikacin was determined by the following three methods: commercial broth microdilution trays, standard agar dilution, and disk diffusion susceptibility. A total of 504 tests were performed by each method, and overall susceptibility or resistance determined by the broth microdilution method agreed with that determined by the agar dilution method in 92.7% of the tests, whereas results from the disk diffusion method agreed with those from the agar dilution method in 91.9% of the tests. The broth microdilution and disk diffusion methods agreed with each other 88.7% of the time. The broth microdilution system results varied from the agar dilution method results by more than one dilution in 121 of 504 determinations (24%); however, this altered susceptibility determinations in only 7.3% of the assays. E. coli isolates were found to be quantitatively more resistant to the aminoglycosides with the broth microdilution method than with the agar dilution method. In contrast, the broth microdilution method demonstrated P. aeruginosa to be quantitatively more susceptible to the aminoglycosides than when the results were obtained by the agar dilution method. The Micro-Media Systems method is economical, reliable, rapid, and simple to perform and yields quantitative minimum inhibitory concentrations.

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