RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Adenocarcinoma of the stomach: areas of failure in a re-operation series (second or symptomatic look) clinicopathologic correlation and implications for adjuvant therapy.
Following initial "curative" operative procedures for gastric carcinoma, 107 patients had planned single or multiple re-operations at the University of Minnesota. Later evidence of cancer was found in 86 patients at re-operation and/or other follow-up. Initial operative-pathologic extent of disease was correlated with incidence and patterns of failure. Distant metastasis (DM) alone was uncommon, but was found as a new component in 25.6% of the failure group. Nearly half of the peritoneal failures (PS) were localized, and when diffuse, were usually accompanied by a moderate sized local-regional failure. Local recurrence and/or regional lymph node metastasis (LF-RF) occurred as the only failure in 53.7% of the failure group if localized peritoneal failures were included, and as any component of failure in 87.8% (67.3% of the total 107 patients). Operation alone yields inadequate results for the majority of patients with gastric carcinoma. The rationale of adjuvant radiation and systemic therapy alone or in combination is discussed.
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