JOURNAL ARTICLE

Easy bruising, thrombocytopenia, and elevated platelet immunoglobulin G in Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis

K Hymes, M Blum, H Lackner, S Karpatkin
Annals of Internal Medicine 1981, 94 (1): 27-30
6893793
Platelet IgG levels, count, and function and easy bruising or bleeding were studied in 25 patients with Graves' disease and 12 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (normal value for platelet IgG 10.7 +/- 4.5 ng [SD]/10(6) platelets). Eight of 22 patients with Graves' disease and normal platelet counts had elevated platelet IgG averaging 38 +/- 4.0 ng (SEM) (range, 24 to 60). Four of 10 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and normal platelet counts ahd elevated platelet IgG averaging 45 +/- 7.2 ng (range, 27 to 66). Five patients with thrombocytopenia had platelet counts averaging 53000 +/- 12000/microL (SEM) and elevated platelet IgG averaging 154 +/- 40 ng (range, 27 to 300). Twelve of 15 patients with a history of easy bruising or bleeding had elevated platelet IgG compared to five of 22 without easy bruising (p < 0.001). Four of six with elevated platelet IgG had one or more abnormal in-vitro platelet aggregation measurements (particularly with epinephrine) compared to none of six with normal platelet IgG levels (p = 0.03). We conclude that elevated platelet IgG is associated with easy bruising and thrombocytopenia in about half of patients with Graves' disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

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