Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: the hidden mortality

M R Harrison, R I Bjordal, F Langmark, O Knutrud
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 1978, 13 (3): 227-30
From 1969 to 1975, 33 cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) were treated at the National Hospital of Norway with a "visible" or operative mortality of 30%. At least 37 additional infants with CDH who died soon after birth and did not come to the attention of a major referral center were identified retrospectively from a comprehensive survey of neonatal deaths. CDH occurred at least once in every 5455 live births and the "true" mortality was 66%. More than half of the infants born with CDH during this 6-yr period died before they could be treated, contributing to a substantial "hidden" mortality.

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