JOURNAL ARTICLE

Fixed subaortic stenosis in the young: medical and surgical course in 83 patients

G B Wright, J F Keane, A S Nadas, W F Bernhard, A R Castaneda
American Journal of Cardiology 1983 October 1, 52 (7): 830-5
6684879
Eighty-three patients aged 11 months to 25 years were followed up a median of 6.1 years (range 8 days to 24 years) after diagnosis of fixed subaortic stenosis (SAS). Fourteen (17%) had significant noncardiac defects and 47 (57%) had additional cardiac malformations. The left ventricular (LV) outflow gradient increased in 25 of 26 patients catheterized more than once before surgery. Of 15 patients less than 12 years old with gradients less than or equal to 40 mm Hg, 10 ultimately underwent operation after developing severe obstruction; another has progressed to a gradient of 45 mm Hg at 6 years of age. Before surgery (at a median age of 12 years), 55% had aortic regurgitation (AR), which was usually mild. Infective endocarditis occurred in 12% of the group, with a frequency of 14.3 cases per 1,000 patient-years. Seventy-four patients were operated on, with 6 early (8%) and 7 late (9%) deaths. Twelve underwent reoperation to relieve residual obstruction. Surgery reduced gradients in patients with discrete SAS from 83 +/- 33 to 29 +/- 30 mm Hg, but in 6 patients with tunnel SAS the reduction was less satisfactory. AR was absent or mild in most patients postoperatively. When the gradient was reduced to less than 80 mm Hg, infective endocarditis did not occur unless there were other residual lesions. These data suggest that it is reasonable to resect discrete SAS in children less than 10 to 12 years old with LV outflow gradients greater than or equal to 30 mm Hg.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
6684879
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.