Effect of training on skeletal muscle injury from downhill running in rats

J A Schwane, R B Armstrong
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology 1983, 55 (3): 969-75
Experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that injury to skeletal muscle in rats resulting from prolonged downhill running is prevented to a greater extent by prior downhill training than by either uphill or level training. Changes in plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activity and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDase) activity in the soleus (S), vastus intermedius (VI), and medial head of triceps brachii (TM) muscles were evaluated as markers of muscle injury 48 h after 90 min of intermittent downhill running (16 m . min -1). Prior to this acute downhill run, groups of rats were trained by either downhill (-16 degrees), level (0 degrees), or uphill (+16 degrees) running (16 m . min -1) for 30 min/day. Training duration was either 5 days or 1 day. A training effect (i.e., reduced muscle injury) was indicated if muscle G-6-PDase or plasma CPK activity in a trained group following the 90-min downhill run was not different from that of nonexercised control animals and/or if it was lower than that of nontrained runners. A significant training effect was achieved in all three muscles with 5 days of either downhill or level training, but only in S after 5 days of uphill training. Elevation of plasma CPK activity was prevented by 5 days of training on all three inclines.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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