Nomogram for calculation of stenotic cardiac valve areas from cardiac output and mean transvalvular gradient

A Nigri, E Martuscelli, E Mangieri, P Voci, A Danesi, R Sardella, L Feroci, A Reale
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis 1984, 10 (6): 613-8
In 15 patients (group 1) with isolated mitral stenosis and in 14 patients (group 2) with isolated aortic stenosis the stenotic valve areas were calculated according to: A) Gorlin's formula; B) Hakki's simplified formula, using mean mitral gradient by planimetry or peak-to-peak aortic gradient; C) the three-point simplified formula, using mean gradient calculated by the three-point method for both mitral and aortic valve. The three-point method is definitely easier to use than planimetry. The values (mean +/- SD) of mitral valve areas in group 1 patients were, respectively: 1.56 +/- 0.63 cm2; 1.56 +/- 0.55; 1.51 +/- 0.53. The values of aortic valve areas in group 2 patients were: 0.91 +/- 0.63; 0.77 +/- 0.41; 0.88 +/- 0.52. An excellent correlation was shown between the valve area calculated by Gorlin's formula and both Hakki's simplified formula and the three-point simplified formula. For aortic valve area the correlation is even better if the mean gradient by the three-point method is used instead of the peak-to-peak gradient. On the basis of the simplified formula, a nomogram was constructed which allows an immediate calculation of valve areas from cardiac output and transvalvular gradient.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"