Recurrent myoglobinuria due to muscle carnitine palmityl transferase deficiency

M J Reza, N C Kar, C M Pearson, R A Kark
Annals of Internal Medicine 1978, 88 (5): 610-5
Three new cases of carnitine palmityl transferase deficiency are described. The syndrome consists of recurrent attacks of muscle cramps, weakness, malaise, and myoglobinuria. These attacks are especially likely to occur during prolonged exercise after fasting, eating a high-fat diet, or during cold weather. Occasionally after fasting alone, spontaneous muscle breakdown may occur. One patient studied in detail was excessively slow in producing ketones when he fasted. His mylagias and weakness appeared to be alleviated by beta-hydroxybutyrate. Of eight other patients thought to have idiopathic recurrent myoglobinuria, three were found to have myophosphorylase deficiency, whereas five did not have deficiency of either enzyme. Carnitine palmityl transferase deficiency may be more common than previously supposed, may be in part amenable to dietary therapy, can be easily distinguished from myophosphorylase deficiency, and may provide insight into the metabolism of fatty acids and ketone bodies as well as energy requirements of skeletal muscle.

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