Trypsin-like protease from soybean seeds. Purification and some properties

M Nishikata
Journal of Biochemistry 1984, 95 (4): 1169-77
An enzyme was purified from soybean seeds mainly by repeated ion-exchange chromatography using benzoyl-L-arginine p-nitroanilide (BAPA) as a substrate. The purified enzyme was homogeneous as judged by disc gel electrophoresis. The molecular weight was estimated as 59,000 by gel filtration. The enzyme was most active toward BAPA between pH 8 and 10. The enzyme was inactive toward protein substrates but hydrolyzed synthetic substrates and oligopeptides exclusively at the carboxyl side of L-arginine and L-lysine. Kinetic studies using synthetic substrates showed that, on the basis of Vmax/Km, the enzyme preferentially hydrolyzed amide substrates over ester substrates. Benzoyl-L-arginine 4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide (Bz-Arg-MCA) was the best substrate. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP), tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone (Tos-Lys-CH2Cl), leupeptin, and antipain. p-Chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB) was only partially inhibitory. Various protein inhibitors of trypsin such as soybean trypsin inhibitor were ineffective. From the primary specificity and susceptibility to chemicals, the enzyme can be said to be a trypsin-like serine protease. Although the physiological role of the enzyme is unclear, it seems likely that it is involved in limited hydrolysis of certain physiological peptides during processing.


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