Vasopressin and CRF-ACTH in adrenalectomized and dexamethasone-treated rats

K Hashimoto, S Yunoki, J Kageyama, N Ohno, J Takahara, T Ofuji
Neuroendocrinology 1981, 32 (2): 87-91
Median eminence corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) and pituitary and peripheral plasma adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and AVP were measured in male Wistar rats 1 and 2 weeks after bilateral adrenalectomy (ADX), sham operation (SHAM) or dexamethasone-treatment (DEX). Median eminence AVP content was unchanged 1 week after ADX but was significantly elevated 2 weeks after ADX, whereas CRF activity was reduced at 1 week after ADX and returned to control range at 2 weeks. Anterior pituitary ACTH content was elevated but posterior pituitary AVP content was reduced at 1 and 2 weeks after ADX. Plasma ACTH was greatly elevated in ADX rats and reduced in DEX rats, whereas plasma AVP did not differ significantly between these two groups or the control group. When ADX and SHAM rats were laparotomized under ether, plasma ACTH increased greatly, but this elevation was prevented by DEX treatment. The plasma AVP level was elevated in all three groups 2.5 min after onset of stress but returned to the basal range at 20 min. Median eminence CRF and AVP and pituitary ACTH and AVP were not significantly changed after onset of stress. These results indicate that the vasopressin and CRF-ACTH responses were not consistent in the median eminence, pituitary and peripheral plasma and suggest that vasopression is not involved in the feedback and acute stress mechanism of CRF-ACTH secretion. However, we have to measure CRF activity and AVP concentration in the hypophysial portal blood to confirm this conclusion.

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