JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Techniques in blepharoplasty.

The technique for upper lid blepharoplasty is presented, which emphasizes the creation of a concave, high supratarsal fold by removal of existing preaponeurotic fat pads, excision of a strip of preseptal orbicularis fibers, and portion of the orbital septum. In additon, the skin edges are fixated to the levator aponeurosis just above the tarsus. With this technique, a pleasing result can be obtained, minimizing the amount of skin that is required to excised and introducing a safety factor in the prevention of postoperative lagophthalmos. A skin technique for lower led blepharoplasty is presented which reduces a tendency for "dog-ear" formation with skin closure and minimizes chances of postoperative ectropion. The technique consists of triangulation of the excision of skin from the lower lid to insure an equal-sided wound edge for precise closure and anchoring the lower lid skin flap to the lateral orbital rim. Although the above techniques introduce a safety factor reducing the problem of lagophthalmos in the upper lid and ectropion in the lower lid, they should be considered an "advanced technique" by the occasional blepharoplasty surgeon.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app